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Hong Kong Communications


The telecommunications system of Hong Kong is excellent, consisting of fixed-line and cellular services. In 2010, there were close to 4.35 million fixed-line telephones and 13.42 million cellular phones in use. Hong Kong has one of the highest rates of usage of cellular phones in the world. In 2000, for instance, 55.6% of its population (3.9 million people) owned cellular telephones, an increase of 1.5 million from 1998; in 2009, internet users ballooned to about 4.88 million. Personal computers are widely used and their availability is high (254 computers per 1,000 people in the same year).

Cable & Wireless HKT, a private company, dominates the telecommunications market. It had a 100% monopoly until 1997, when the Hong Kong government began to end its monopoly by encouraging competition. Through licensing of three new companies, the government reduced the market share of Cable & Wireless HKT to 97% in 2000. In that year it announced the licensing of five more companies.

Radio and television services are also advanced. In addition to foreign cable and satellite TV programs, 20 AM and FM radio stations and 4 television networks were operating in 1997. The number of televisions and radios in use in that year were estimated to be 1.84 million and 4.45 million, respectively.


Telephones - main lines in use : 4.345 million (2010)
Telephones - mobile cellular : 13.416 million (2010)
Telephone system

: general assessment: modern facilities provide excellent domestic and international services
domestic: microwave radio relay links and extensive fiber-optic network
international: country code - 852; multiple international submarine cables provide connections to Asia, US, Australia, the Middle East, and Western Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Pacific Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); coaxial cable to Guangzhou, China
Broadcast media : 2 commercial terrestrial TV networks each with multiple stations; multi-channel satellite and cable TV systems available; 3 radio networks, one of which is government-funded, operate about 15 radio stations (2011)
Internet country code : .hk
Internet hosts : 861,516 (2011)
Internet users : 4.873 million (2009)




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