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Hong Kong Military


The People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison is a garrison of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) responsible for defence duties of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region since the sovereignty of Hong Kong was returned to the PRC in 1997. The troop strength at the garrison is about 6,000 personnel. Prior to the handover, Hong Kong was under British rule, and the defence of Hong Kong was the responsibility of the British Forces Overseas Hong Kong. As a non-sovereign territory, Hong Kong has never had a military force of its own.

The Hong Kong Police Force has a highly trained and equipped counter terrorism unit, the Special Duties Unit, trained by United Kingdom's SAS and SBS, and a Marine Police force. These forces have been heavily armed since before the handover in 1997, and are within the portfolio of the Secretary for Security.


Military branches : no regular indigenous military forces; Hong Kong garrison of China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) includes elements of the PLA Ground Forces, PLA Navy, and PLA Air Force; these forces are under the direct leadership of the Central Military Commission in Beijing and under administrative control of the adjacent Guangzhou Military Region (2009)
Manpower available for military service : males age 16-49: 1,704,090
females age 16-49: 1,873,175 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service

: males age 16-49: 1,387,213
females age 16-49: 1,505,875 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually : male: 39,579
female: 36,554 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures : NA
Military - note : defence is the responsibility of China




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