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Hong Kong Population
 
 
 

General

Hong Kong's population was estimated to be 7,153,519 in July 2012. Its population increased from 4.4 million in 1975 to 6.7 million in 1998, indicating a growth rate of 1.8%. With an estimated growth rate of 0.8%, the population will increase to 7.7 million by 2015. In the year 2000 the estimated birth rate was 11.29 births per 1,000 people while the estimated death rate was 5.93 deaths per 1,000 people.

The majority of Hong Kong's population is of Chinese ethnicity, but non-Chinese constitute more than 8% of the population. Out of 595,000 foreigners residing in Hong Kong in 1999, 274,100 were from Asian countries (Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, India, Japan and Nepal) and the rest from Western countries (United States, Canada, United Kingdom and Australia). The number of expatriates grew from 320,700 in December 1993 to 485,880 in December 1998.

The population of Hong Kong is old, with 18% of the population age 14 or younger and 71% between the ages of 15 and 64. This leaves 11% of Hong Kong's people 65 years old and up. Given the estimated low growth rate for the 1998-2015 period, the population will be even older by 2015 when 13.7% of the population will be over 65 years of age.

Hong Kong is a highly urbanised society. About 95.4% of its population lived in urban areas in 1998, an increase of 5.7% since 1975. The urban population is estimated to reach 96.7% by 2015. The capital city of Hong Kong and the Kowloon peninsula house the majority of the population.

Overview

Population : 7,153,519 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 11.6% (male 431,728/female 394,898)
15-64 years: 74.8% (male 2,573,929/female 2,757,095)
65 years and over: 13.5% (male 452,278/female 512,580) (2011 est.)
Median age

: total: 43.4 years
male: 42.8 years
female: 43.8 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate : 0.421% (2012 est.)
Birth rate : 7.54 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate : 7.23 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate : 3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 100% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2012 est.)
Infant mortality rate : total: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 82.12 years
male: 79.39 years
female: 85.05 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate : 1.09 children born/woman (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.1% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 2,600 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : fewer than 200 (2003 est.)
Nationality : noun: Chinese/Hong Konger
adjective: Chinese/Hong Kong
Ethnic groups : Chinese 95%, Filipino 1.6%, Indonesian 1.3%, other 2.1% (2006 census)
Religions : eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%
Languages : Cantonese (official) 90.8%, English (official) 2.8%, Putonghua (Mandarin) 0.9%, other Chinese dialects 4.4%, other 1.1% (2006 census)
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 93.5%
male: 96.9%
female: 89.6% (2002)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2009)
Education expenditures : 4.5% of GDP (2009)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 12.6%
male: 15.1%
female: 10.3% (2009)
 

 
 

 


 


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