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Hong Kong Transportations


Hong Kong has an advanced land, sea, and air transport and communications system, including 2,067 km of paved roads. The railway system is one of the most efficient systems of the world and is connected to Chinese railways via the Kowloon peninsula.

Hong Kong's land transportation services are very efficient. To decrease the level of air pollution, its government encourages the use of public transportation services and discourages the use of private cars in its small territory. It therefore keeps improving public transportation services while increasing the cost of maintaining private cars through various measures such as high car-registration fees, a compulsory inspection for cars over six years old, and a point system to disqualify offending drivers. Public transport facilities include the mainly underground Mass Transit Railway. It also includes very efficient bus services run by four private companies, supplemented by public and private light minibus services.

Sea communications are vital for Hong Kong, both for trade and daily life. There are at least five major ferry companies providing daily service between the islands where its population lives and works. Hong Kong is a major port in Asia and one of the busiest container ports in the world. It handled 6.2 million 20-foot containers in 1999. To meet future increases in cargo handling, an expansion of its container terminal facilities began in the same year.

Hong Kong's eminent status as a major international port could be undermined in 2 ways. First, Taiwan and Singapore rival Hong Kong by improving their port facilities regularly. Second, a major portion of Hong Kong's cargo handling is shipping of re-exports to and from China, which will decrease as China develops its mainland ports.

Hong Kong has high-quality private airlines and was home to two modern airports with paved runways and nine heliports as of 2010. Chek Lap Kok Airport, replaced the old international airport (Kai Kak airport) in 1998. Kai Kak Airport handled 30 million passengers and 1.6 million tons of cargo in 1997. Located on Lantau Island, the new airport is one of the world's best airports, and is capable of handling up to 460 flights a day. Its annual passenger and cargo capability is 87 million passengers and 9 million metric tons of cargo, respectively.


Airports : 2 (2010)
Airports - with paved runways : total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2010)

: 49 (2010)
Roadways : total: 2,067 km
paved: 2,067 km (2010)
Merchant marine
: total: 1,644
by type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 785, cargo 198, carrier 10, chemical tanker 149, container 288, liquefied gas 31, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 9, petroleum tanker 156, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 7
foreign-owned: 976 (Bangladesh 1, Belgium 26, Bermuda 20, Canada 77, China 500, Cyprus 3, Denmark 42, France 4, Germany 10, Greece 27, Indonesia 10, Iran 3, Japan 79, Libya 1, Norway 48, Russia 1, Singapore 13, South Korea 3, Switzerland 5, Taiwan 25, UAE 1, UK 33, US 44)
registered in other countries: 341 (Bahamas 3, Bermuda 4, Cambodia 10, China 18, Curacao 1, Cyprus 2, Georgia 3, India 2, Kiribati 2, Liberia 48, Malaysia 8, Malta 4, Marshall Islands 3, NZ 1, Panama 144, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Seychelles 1, Sierra Leone 7, Singapore 46, Thailand 1, UK 12, unknown 16) (2011)

Ports and terminals : Hong Kong




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